Mexico’s compulsory safety standards are called NOMs (short for Norma Oficial Mexicana), or normas. The NOMs are numbered according to the activities and products they cover: NOM-003, NOM-192, etc. When seeking permission to manufacture, import or commercialize a product in Mexico, one must first obtain the relevant NOM certificate.
Recent changes in Mexican tariff rules have prompted questions about NOMs, even if there have been no changes to what these safety certificates cover. Below we take a quick look at some NOMs covering electronic equipment. Contact us for more information, including approval timelines, product testing, and need for samples (which vary from project to project).
NOM-003-SCFI-2014— covers electrical appliances. Required testing generally falls under NMX-J-508-ANCE-2010 or NMX-J-005-ANCE-2015. Products covered include: power strips, plugs, light switches and some fixtures, and limit switches. The type of product determines the labeling requirements.
NOM-024 — relates to packaging and labeling of products being imported into Mexico. We obtain a Constancia de Conformidad (Certificate of Conformity) to ensure the client’s packaging, labeling, user manual, and warranty (in Spanish) is in compliance with the regulation.
NOM-192 — establishes the specifications that television sets and decoders must comply with in order to be commercialized within Mexican territory
NOM-196 — applies to all terminal equipment that is connected or interconnected through wired access to a public telecommunications network. If such equipment is to manufactured, imported, commercialized, distributed and/or leased within Mexico, it must comply with the mechanical and electrical specifications, as well as the test methods, of the minimum technical parameters required in Technical Provision IFT-004-2016.
NOM-218 — applies to radio communication equipment that has a digital interface at 2 048 kbit/s and 34 368 kbit/s — also called E1 and E3, respectively. If such equipment is to be imported, commercialized and/or distributed within Mexico, it must comply with the minimum specifications, limits, testing parameters indicated in Technical Provision IFT-005-2016.
IFETEL Type Approval Certification
IFETEL (Instituto Federal de Telecomunicaciones or the Mexican Federal Telecommunications Institute), formerly known as COFETEL, regulates products using Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, 3G/4G, or radio frequency technologies. Equipment that connects to the PSTN, satellite, and other types of devices also require IFETEL type approval.
Testing is required for equipment using the frequency bands 902-928 MHz, 2400-2483.5 MHz, and 5725-5850 MHz. LARCG typically needs two samples (one radiate, one conducted) for IFETEL testing in Mexico. LARCG will assist with importation of the samples and arrange for testing of the equipment in Mexico. Modular and system approval may be possible depending on the characteristics of the equipment.
Mexico requires local representation as part of the approval process. LARCG can provide certificate holder services if you do not have a legal presence in Mexico.
IFETEL has frequency restrictions depending on the type of equipment. LARCG will help identify what technologies and frequencies are allowed for use in Mexico.
Products Requiring IFETEL Approval:
IFETEL resolutions include:
NOM-208-SCFI-2016: Replacing NOM-EM-016-SCFI-2015 and covering radio communication systems using radio frequency bands 902-928 MHz, 2400-2483.5 MHz, and 5725-5850 MHz (IFT-008-2015 technical requirements).
NOM-088/1(2)-SCT1: Microwave devices that will provide the point-to-point (P-P) and point-to-multipoint (P-MP) FS systems services. Part 1: Multiple accesses. Part 2: Transport
NOM-084-SCT1: Technical specifications of the transmitter devices used for fleets mobile services
IFT 008-2015: Specifies limits and testing methods for telecommunication equipment, and radio communication systems employing the technique of spread. What’s more, radio equipment spectrum for frequency jump and digital modulation to proceed in the bands: 902-928 MHz, 2400-2483.5 MHz and 5725-5850 MHz
IFT-011-2017: Requires a cell phone or tablet’s IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identifier) be affixed to a device, as well as requires manufacturers to unlock “FM” Functionality of the approved Mobile Terminal Equipment.
IFETEL has labeling requirements that apply and our project managers will assist you with marking the equipment correctly for importation to Mexico.
Customs authorities require NOM safety certificates of any imported product that has a battery charger, power supply, or adapter. Mexico requires product testing as part of the process of granting NOM safety certificates.
Safety resolutions include:
NOM-001-SCFI: Electronic devices using different energy sources
NOM-003-SCFI-2014: Electrical appliances. Required testing generally falls under NMX-J-508-ANCE-2010 or NMX-J-005-ANCE-2015. Products covered include: power strips, plugs, light switches and some fixtures, and limit switches. The type of product determines the labeling requirements.
NOM-016-SCFI: Office appliances
NOM-019-SCFI: Data processing or IT products
There are labeling requirements that apply for safety in Mexico.
Type A plugs, rated at 15 Amps, are used mainly in the United States, Canada, Mexico, South America and Central America. This Class I, non-grounded, non-insulated plug operates on AC current and is known as NEMA 1-15. The plug has two 1.5 mm thick blades which measure 15.9 – 18.3 mm in length and are spaced 12.7 mm apart. The neutral blade is 7.9 mm wide, while the hot blade is 6.3 mm wide.
This plug almost always operates between 100 – 127 volts and is only compatible with socket type A.
Type B plugs, rated at 15 amps, are used mainly in the United States, Canada, Mexico, South America and Central America. This class I grounded, non-insulated plug operates on AC current and is known as NEMA 5-15. The plug has two 1.5 mm thick blades which measure 15.9 – 18.3 mm in length, and are spaced 12.7 mm apart. It also features a 4.8 diameter round, or u-shaped earth pin measuring 3.2 mm which acts as a ground. This plug almost always operates between 100 – 127 volts and is compatible with type A and B sockets. Grounded type B outlets are still rather uncommon in some parts of Central and South America. However, it is not uncommon for people to cut off the earth pin to achieve compatibility with two-pole non-grounded sockets.